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What is the profile of the Critical Information Infrastructure (CII) in Singapore?
The Cyber Security Agency of Singapore (CSA) has worked closely with Sector Leads to identify the Critical Information Infrastructure (CII) supporting the provision of essential services across 11 critical sectors.
The critical sectors are Energy, Water, Banking & Finance, Healthcare, Transport (which includes Land, Maritime, and Aviation), Government, Infocomm, Media, and Security & Emergency Services. The list of essential services in these sectors are published in the First Schedule of the Act.
Under Section 7 of the Act, CII refers to specific computers and computer systems that are explicitly designated by the Commissioner of Cybersecurity. It is not the case that firms and sectors will be considered as CII.
The list of CII and CII owners will be finalised, before CSA and Sector Leads implement the Cybersecurity Act in the second half of 2018. The list of CII and CII owners are secret for national security reasons.
When will the licensing framework be implemented?
The implementation of the licensing framework will be communicated at a later date.
What are the licensing conditions that licensed cybersecurity service providers have to comply with?
We intend to keep licensing requirements simple to minimise the operational costs on businesses. The requirements that licensed service providers have to comply with include:
Ensure that their key executive officers performing the licensable services are fit and proper persons as defined in S26(8). For example, ensure that the individual has not been convicted of any offence involving fraud, dishonesty or moral turpitude.
Keep for at least 3 years, basic records on the cybersecurity services that it has provided. This was reduced from the earlier proposed 5 years, so as to lighten the administrative requirements on licensed cybersecurity service providers.
Why did the Cyber Security Agency of Singapore (CSA) decide to license only providers of penetration testing and managed security operations centre (SOC) services?
The Cyber Security Agency of Singapore (CSA) intends to adopt a light-touch approach to license penetration testing and managed security operations centre (SOC) monitoring because these services:
Have access to sensitive information from their clients and could have significant impact if not delivered well or misused, and
Are also relatively mainstream in our market and hence have a significant impact on the overall security landscape.
CSA will continue to monitor international and industry trends and assess if new types of cybersecurity services are considered high-risk, and evaluate whether the providers of such services should be licensed.
How vulnerable are our Critical Information Infrastructures (CII)? Have any of our CII networks been compromised or experienced attacks?
As a hyper-connected business hub, Singapore is vulnerable to cyber-attacks which are increasing in scale and sophistication. While we were fortunate to have escaped relatively unscathed so far, we have seen our share of cyber-attacks. One example is the breach of MINDEF's I-net system in February 2017 where the personal data of 850 national servicemen were leaked. In May 2017, Advanced Persistent Threat (APT) actors targeted two of our top universities.
Although none of our Critical Information Infrastructure (CII) has been disrupted, the global WannaCry and Petya malware attacks, which also surfaced in Singapore, are reminders of our vulnerability. We can expect more attempts to breach our cyber defences.
To enhance our defences against increasingly sophisticated cyber-attacks, the Cyber Security Agency of Singapore (CSA) works closely with Sector Leads to ensure that CII owners have capabilities and measures to detect, respond to and recover from cyber threats and cyber-attacks. CSA has been advocating that organisations should take cybersecurity into consideration when designing systems and networks to develop robust systems with defences against attacks, and not add them later as an afterthought.
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