Frequently Asked Questions Advanced Search Advanced Search Close Panel All of these words This exact phrase Any of these words Without these words Search within: CAASWhole of Government Expand All Collapse All Flying of Unmanned AircraftPermit System General 1. How do I apply for a permit to fly an unmanned aircraft? CAAS is the one-stop for the application of all permits for unmanned aircraft operations. To apply for a permit, please click here. 2. Do I need a permit to operate an unmanned aircraft outdoors for recreational purposes? No permits are required for the use of an unmanned aircraft (UA) for recreational purposes if ALL of the following conditions are met:Total mass of the UA is 25 kilograms or lower;The UA is flown at an altitude not exceeding 200 feet (approx. 60 metres) above mean sea level (AMSL);The UA is flown beyond 5 kilometres of a civilian aerodrome/military airbase and outside any restricted, danger, protected or prohibited areas; andThe UA does not discharge any item or substance when flying. For more details on requirements for permits, click here. 3. What is considered as "for recreational purposes"? “Recreational purposes” refers to any pursuit or activity engaged in for enjoyment, relaxation or leisure, but not:a sporting activity that forms part of an organised group activity or organised competition or tournament (such as a flying display);a recreational activity provided by a business, or in the course of business. Examples: An individual flying an unmanned aircraft (UA) for fun.An individual flying a UA for aerial photography for personal collection. 4. Do I need a permit to operate an unmanned aircraft outdoors for educational purposes? No permits are required for the use of a UA for educational purposes if all of the following conditions are met:Total mass of the UA is 7 kilograms or lower;The UA is flown at an altitude not exceeding 200 feet (approx. 60 metres) above mean sea level (AMSL); The UA is flown beyond 5 kilometres of a civilian aerodrome/military airbase and outside any restricted, danger, protected or prohibited areas;The UA does not discharge any item or substance when flying. For more details on requirements for permits, click here. 5. What is considered as "for education purposes"? “Education purposes” refers to any lecture, tutorial, seminar, demonstration, class or similar activity on unmanned aircraft (UA) offered or provided by an educational institution mentioned in section 72 of the Private Education Act (Cap. 247A) to students enrolled in that education institution.Examples:A university conducting a course that involves flying of a UA for its enrolled students, as part of its full time curriculum. A secondary school teacher flying a UA to demonstrate its capabilities to the students as part of co-curriculum activities.Students of a primary school showcasing their UA as part of a school event. Students of a university conducting UA flight tests as part of their final year projects. 6. How do I check if my planned activity location falls within 5km of any civil aerodrome / military airbase, or within any protected, prohibited, restricted or danger areas? You may download the OneMap app here and use it to find out whether your planned flying activity location falls within 5 kilometres of a civil aerodrome/military airbase, or if in protected, prohibited, restricted or danger areas. 7. I would like to fly my unmanned aircraft indoors. Do I require any permits? Permits are not required for unmanned aircraft (UA) operations indoors only in the following circumstances: At a private residence; orAt an experimental site in connection with the construction or testing of that unmanned aircraft. For use of UA indoors for any other purpose (e.g. in the course of business), you are required to apply for a UA Operator Permit and Activity Permit before carrying out the activity. 8. What permits do I need to operate an unmanned aircraft for non-recreation/non-education purposes? Both the Operator Permit and Class 1 Activity Permit are required. To apply for a permit, please click here. 9. What is the processing time for a permit application? The average processing time is 10 working days for Operator Permit, and 5 working days for Activity Permit, from the receipt of all required documentation and the necessary permit fees. You are encouraged to submit your application well in advance of the date of the planned unmanned aircraft activity. 10. Why was my application terminated by CAAS? If your application has been pending for more than 3 months due to various reasons (e.g. pilot assessment not completed, incomplete information and documents despite multiple reminders from CAAS), the assessment process may be terminated. In the event that your application has been terminated, please submit a new application if you still intend to apply for a permit. 11. How do I know if my application has been approved? CAAS will notify you in writing on the outcome of your application for any permit. 12. Other than applying for the necessary permits from CAAS, are there other parties I might have to seek clearance from? You are advised to seek permission from the building management or owners, and/or adhere to instructions on signage from land management authorities before proceeding with your unmanned aircraft activity. Operator Permit 1. What is an Operator Permit? An Operator Permit is granted by CAAS to an organisation or individual if the applicant has demonstrated that he is able to operate the unmanned aircraft (UA) safely. The assessment will include, but not limited to, the applicant's organisational set-up, procedures to manage safety including the conduct of safety risk assessments, airworthiness of each UA, and competency of the personnel involved in the flying of the UA. 2. What supporting documents are required for Operator Permit applications? You may find the details of supporting documents required for Operator Permit applications here. 3. Can I apply for an Operator Permit if I do not own a registered business? Yes. The Operator Permit is applicable even for recreational users if, for example, the unmanned aircraft has a total mass, including payload, exceeding 25 kilograms. More details can be found in this Advisory Circular. 4. Can I apply for an Operator Permit if my company is based outside of Singapore? Applications are assessed on a case-by-case basis. A company based outside of Singapore is first required to submit to CAAS an official letter of intent from the client(s) who is intending to engage the company, and the scope of activity involving the unmanned aircraft. 5. How can I apply for a renewal for my expired Operator Permit? Applications for renewal of an Operator Permit can be made online and should be submitted before the permit expires. Submissions to renew an expired permit will not be entertained, and a new application is required. Renewal of Operator Permit will entail a fee of $200, provided that there are no additional unmanned aircraft types to be included in the scope of the Operator Permit in the renewal. 6. How can I vary the scope of my Operator Permit? You should submit the application online to vary the scope of Operator Permit. Each addition or changes to an unmanned aircraft type listed in the Operator Permit will entail a fee of $400. 7. I am using a different unmanned aircraft model from what is approved in my Operator Permit. What do I need to do? You should submit the application online to vary the scope of Operator Permit.You may also be required to pay an application fee of $400 for each addition of an unmanned aircraft (UA) type, if any of the following criteria are met: The UA models are of different categories (e.g. rotorcraft, fixed-wing etc.) with different handling characteristics;The UA models are not classified as the same family series by the manufacturer (e.g. DJI Phantom 3 series include Standard, Advanced, Professional versions);There is deviation amongst the unmanned aircraft models in terms of the functionalities of the flight critical systems (e.g. propulsion system, power and electrical system, flight control and navigation system, command and control system, and critical structures); or As otherwise advised by CAAS. 8. What is tested during the remote pilot assessment administered by CAAS? The remote pilot may be required to carry out a series of manoeuvers with his/her unmanned aircraft. Such manoeuvers would include hovering in various orientations, flying a square pattern, flying a figure of ‘8’, and landing at a designated spot. The remote pilot assessment is usually conducted at the open field along Old Holland Road, on Tuesdays and Thursdays. 9. Do I need to attend any specialised training before taking the remote pilot competency test administered by CAAS? Under the current regulatory framework for unmanned aircraft operations in Singapore, there is no requirement for remote pilots to have any specific training or certification.Please note that CAAS currently does not approve or accredit any UA training organisation or programme. Activity Permit 1. What is an Activity Permit? An Activity Permit is granted by CAAS to an applicant for a single activity or a block of repeated activities involving the operation of an unmanned aircraft taking into account the location(s) of operation, type(s) of operation to be conducted, date(s)/time(s) during which the operation(s) to be conducted, operating altitude and mitigation measures to address location-specific circumstances. There are two types of activity permits - Class 1 Activity Permit and Class 2 Activity Permit. 2. What is the difference between Class 1 and Class 2 Activity Permits? A Class 1 Activity Permit is required for unmanned aircraft activities conducted for purposes that are neither recreation nor education. An applicant for the Class 1 Activity Permit must also be the holder of a valid Operator Permit. A Class 2 Activity Permit is required for activities conducted outdoors for recreation or education purposes, when the planned activity meets any of the following conditions: Operating altitude higher than 200 feet above mean sea level (AMSL);Within 5 km of a civil aerodrome /military airbase; or Within any Restricted Area, Danger Area or Protected Area 3. What supporting documents are required for Activity Permit applications? You may find a checklist of supporting documents required for Activity Permit applications here. If you are unable to find an answer to your query, please submit your Feedback to let us know how we can help you.