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Frequently Asked Questions
Frequently Asked Questions
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Export Certification for Processed Food
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Import & Transshipment Of Fresh Fruits & Vegetables
Import, Export & Transshipment Of Fish
Import, Export & Transshipment Of Irradiated Food
Import, Export & Transshipment Of Meat
Import, Export & Transshipment Of Processed Food:
Licensing of Food Processing Establishments
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Registration to Import Processed Food Products and Food Appliances
Testing of Food and Food Products
Avian Influenza (Bird Flu):
Influenza A (H1N1):
Safety of Japanese Food Imports
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Top 5 Most Popular FAQs
What is Influenza A (H1N1)?
Influenza A (H1N1) is a contagious respiratory disease of pigs. The disease is common in North and South America, Asia and Europe. Illness is caused by type A influenza viruses, which also affect a range of other animals, as well as humans.
If the currently reported cases of human infections are not due to contact with pigs, why was it called swine flu?
The World Animal Health Organisation (OIE) has declared that the flu virus currently infecting humans should not be called "swine flu", as it also contains avian and human components and no pigs have been found ill with the disease so far. The virus has not been discovered in animals to date.
How do humans become infected?
The confirmed human Influenza A (H1N1) cases in Mexico, US and Canada come from human-to-human transmission and not contact with pigs.
Can I catch Influenza A (H1N1) from eating pork and pork products?
No. The WHO, OIE and US CDC have stated that the Influenza A (H1N1) virus is not spread by food. In any case, eating properly handled and cooked pork and pork products is safe. Cooking pork to an internal temperature of 70℃ kills all bacteria and viruses, including the Influenza A (H1N1) virus. Similarly, eating properly processed meat products, such as ham, bacon, sausages, canned meat, is safe.
Should people avoid exposure to pigs?
The current human Influenza A (H1N1) is being transmitted between humans, not from pigs to people. However, as humans can spread the disease to pigs, individuals with flu symptoms should avoid close contact with pigs to reduce the possibility of disease transmission to the animal population.
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