What is a private prosecution and who can institute it?
A private prosecution is brought by a private individual to seek redress for a wrong done unto him. If the subject of the prosecution is found guilty and convicted, he will be duly sentenced by the Court, even though the Prosecution was not instituted by the State. A private prosecution is thus “a prosecution by a private individual which, if successful, relies on the state machinery to mete out the sentence imposed”- per Yong CJ, in Cheng William v Loo Ngee Long Edmund  2 SLR(R) 626. The private individual may conduct the prosecution himself if he does not have a lawyer.