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Top 5 Most Popular FAQs
What is the Kyoto Protocol and does Singapore has any commitment under it?
The Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is an international agreement adopted in 1997 which assigns mandatory emission limitations for the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions to the signatory nations. Singapore acceded to the Kyoto Protocol on 12 April 2006 and as a non-Annex I country under the Protocol, has no mandatory targets under the current agreement.
Are there plans to promote the export of NEWater technological expertise and operational knowledge to the region and beyond?
PUB's success in NEWater is the result of the successful collaboration between the PUB and its water industry partners. Our partners from the water industry have worked with us in the development of various water infrastructures in Singapore, besides NEWater. Their capabilities range from system integrators, consultancy & engineering services, testing & analytical services, supply of equipment, water treatment chemicals and membranes.
The PUB, together with our water industry partners, will be glad to export our technological expertise and operational knowledge with any interested party. We also look to attract more companies to be based in Singapore to export their technologies and related water treatment equipment to our region and beyond. This will help Singapore become a one-stop water-related services provider.
What is the Environment and Water Industry Development Council (EWI) and what is its approach to industry development?
The Environment & Industry Development Council (EWI) was formed in May 2006 under the Ministry of the Environment and Water Resources (MEWR), to spearhead the development of the water industry and position Singapore as a global hydro-hub. Its aim is to grow the sector from $0.5 billion (0.3% of GDP) in 2003 to $1.7 billion (0.6% of GDP) and double the number of jobs to 11,000 by year 2015. EWI's approach to industry development is centred around three key strategies of capability development, internationalisation and cluster development, using technology as a key pillar. To grow the water industry and create a competitive edge for Singapore-based companies in the global market, the Singapore Government has committed $330 million in funding over five years to boost R&D in water technologies, and in manpower development programmes.
What does DTSS stand for? What are the benefits of the DTSS?
DTSS stands for Deep Tunnel Sewerage System. The DTSS was conceived as a long term solution to meet the used water needs of Singapore for the 21st Century. Used water from the existing sewers will flow into the deep tunnels via the link sewers (large collector sewers). The deep tunnels will convey the used water to the centralised water reclamation plants (WRPs) for treatment. The treated effluent from the centralised WRP will be discharged through deep sea outfalls into the Straits of Singapore. With the DTSS in place, the existing WRPs and pumping stations, which are located all over the island, are to be phased out and the lands released for alternative developments.
Benefits of the DTSS include:
(a)a more compact and state-of-the-art centralised WRP will free up the land occupied by existing WRPs;
(b)improved reliability of service as DTSS uses gravity flow and serves as a natural reservoir for sewage (and therefore, less susceptible to chokes and blockages);
(c)a more economical system, involving large scale used water treatment and NEWater production.
What are the usual agenda items discussed at the annual bilateral meetings with Malaysia.
Vehicular emissions, water quality in the Straits of Johor, pollution in the Skudai Water Catchment where our Skudai Waterworks is located, emergency response plan for chemical spills, cooperation in environmental training, and transboundary haze pollution.
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