Frequently Asked Questions Advanced Search Advanced Search Close Panel All of these words This exact phrase Any of these words Without these words Search within: CAASWhole of Government Expand All Collapse All Flying of Unmanned AircraftPermit System General 1. How do I apply for a permit to fly an unmanned aircraft? CAAS is the one-stop for the application of all permits for unmanned aircraft operations. CAAS will process and coordinate with other relevant agencies on the evaluation of applications for any permit, and respond to the applicants on the outcome of their application. To apply for a permit, please click here. 2. Do I need a permit to operate small unmanned aircraft outdoors for recreational/research purposes? The use of a small unmanned aircraft (i.e. total mass of not more than 7kg) for recreation or research purposes will not require an Operator Permit and Class 1 Activity Permit, if the unmanned aircraft is operated:- At an altitude not exceeding 200 ft (approx. 60 m) above mean sea level (AMSL); and- Beyond 5 km of a civilian aerodrome/military airbase; and- Outside any Restricted Area, Danger Area or Protected AreaHowever, a Class 2 Activity Permit will be required if the unmanned aircraft is operated outdoors under any of the following conditions:- Operating altitude higher than 200 ft AMSL; or- Within 5 km of a civilian aerodrome / military airbase; or- Within any Restricted Area, Danger Area or Protected Area 3. What is considered as "for recreational purposes"? “Recreational purposes” refers to any pursuit or activity engaged in for enjoyment, relaxation or leisure, but not:a sporting activity that forms part of an organised group activity or organised competition or tournament (such as a flying display);a recreational activity provided by a business, or in the course of business. 4. What is considered as "for research purposes"? Research purpose refers to:any lecture, tutorial, seminar, demonstration, class or similar activity on unmanned aircraft provided by an educational institution, referred to in section 72 of the Private Education Act; orany research and development activity carried on by an educational institution, referred to in section 72 of the Private Education Act, with the object of acquiring knowledge that may be of use for the purpose of devising or developing a new or substantially improved product that is an unmanned aircraft. 5. Where can I fly my unmanned aircraft? You may click here to find out whether your planned activity location falls within 5km of a civil aerodrome / military airbase, or if in protected, prohibited, restricted or danger locations. 6. I would like to fly my unmanned aircraft indoors. Do I require any permits? Permits are not required for unmanned aircraft operations indoors only in the following circumstances:- At a private residence; or- At an experimental site in connection with the construction or testing of that unmanned aircraftFor use of unmanned aircraft indoors for any other purpose (e.g. in the course of business), you will be required to apply for an unmanned aircraft Operator Permit and Activity Permit before carrying out the activity. 7. What permits do I need to operate an unmanned aircraft for non-recreational/non-research purposes? Both the Operator Permit and Class 1 Activity Permit are required. More details can be found in this Advisory Circular. To apply for a permit, please click here. 8. How long is the permit application processing time? The average processing time is 10 working days for Operator Permit, and is 5 working days for Activity Permit, from the receipt of all required documentation and the necessary permit fees. Should we require further discussion with the applicant or supplementary information from the applicant, the processing time may be extended. You are encouraged to submit your application well in advance of the date of the planned unmanned aircraft activity.For applications that have been pending for more than 3 months due to various reasons (e.g. pilot assessment not completed, incomplete information and documents), the assessment process may be terminated. CAAS will notify the applicant in advance to withdraw the application and re-apply when ready. 9. How do I know if my application has been approved? CAAS will notify you in writing on the outcome of your application for any permit. 10. Other than applying for the necessary permits from CAAS, are there other parties I might have to seek clearance from? You are advised to seek permission from the building management or owners, and/or adhere to instructions on signages from land management authorities before proceeding with your unmanned aircraft activity. Operator Permit 1. What is an Operator Permit? An Operator Permit is granted by CAAS to an organisation or individual if the applicant is able to conduct operation of unmanned aircraft safely. CAAS' assessment will include, but not limited to, the applicant's organisational set-up, procedures to manage safety including the conduct of safety risk assessments, airworthiness of each unmanned aircraft, and competency of the personnel involved in the flying of the unmanned aircraft. The Operator Permit lists the approved unmanned aircraft type(s), type(s) of operations and remote pilot(s). The Operator Permit is valid for up to one year. 2. What supporting documents are required for Operator Permit applications? You may find a checklist of supporting documents required for Operator Permit applications here. 3. Can I apply for an Operator Permit if I do not own a registered business? Yes. The Operator Permit is applicable for recreational users if, for example, the unmanned aircraft has a total mass, including payload, exceeding 7kg. More details can be found in this Advisory Circular. 4. Can I apply for an Operator Permit if my company is based outside of Singapore? Applications will be assessed on a case-by-case basis. A company based outside of Singapore will first be required to submit to CAAS an official letter of intent stating its client(s) and the scope of activity involving the unmanned aircraft. 5. How can I apply for a renewal for my expired Operator Permit? Applications for renewal of an Operator Permit can be made online here. Renewals should be submitted before the permit expires. Submissions to renew expired permits may be assessed as a brand new application. Renewal of Operator Permit will entail a fee of $200, provided that there are no additional unmanned aircraft types to be included in the scope of the Operator Permit in the renewal. 6. How can I vary the scope of my Operator Permit (to include additional remote pilots/unmanned aircraft type/ payload)? You should submit the application online here to vary the scope of Operator Permit. Each addition or changes to an unmanned aircraft type listed in the Operator Permit will entail a fee of $400. 7. I am using a different unmanned aircraft model from what is approved in my Operator Permit. What do I need to do? You should submit the application online here to vary the scope of Operator Permit.You may also be required to pay an application fee of $400 for each addition of an unmanned aircraft model, if the following criteria are met: The unmanned aircraft models are of different categories (e.g. rotorcraft, fixed-wing etc.) with different handling characteristics;The unmanned aircraft models are not classified as the same family series by the manufacturer (e.g. DJI Phantom 3 series include Standard, Advanced, Professional versions);There is deviation amongst the unmanned aircraft models in terms of the functionalities of the flight critical systems (e.g. propulsion system, power and electrical system, flight control and navigation system, command and control system, and critical structures); orAs otherwise advised by CAAS. 8. What is tested during the remote pilot assessment administered by CAAS? The remote pilot may be required to carry out a series of manoeuvers with his/her unmanned aircraft. Such manoeuvers would include hovering in various orientations, flying a square pattern, flying a figure of ‘8’, and landing at a designated spot. The remote pilot assessment is usually conducted at the open field along Old Holland Road, on Tuesdays and Thursdays. 9. Do I need to attend any specialised training before taking the remote pilot competency test administered by CAAS? Under the current regulatory framework for unmanned aircraft operations in Singapore, there is no requirement for remote pilots to have any specific training or certification.Please note that CAAS currently does not approve or accredit any UA training organisation or programme. Activity Permit 1. What is an Activity Permit? An Activity Permit is granted by CAAS to an applicant for a single activity or a block of repeated activities to be carried out by an unmanned aircraft taking into account the location(s) of operation, type(s) of operation to be conducted, date(s)/time(s) during which the operation(s) to be conducted, operating altitude and mitigation measures to address location-specific circumstances. There are two types of activity permits - Class 1 Activity Permit and Class 2 Activity Permit. 2. What is the difference between Class 1 and Class 2 Activity Permits? A Class 1 Activity Permit is required for unmanned aircraft activities conducted for purposes that are neither recreation nor research. It is not valid without an unmanned aircraft Operator Permit.A Class 2 Activity Permit is required for activities conducted for recreation or research purposes, when the planned activity meets any of the following conditions: Operating altitude higher than 200 ft AMSL; Within 5 km of a civil aerodrome / military airbase; or Within any Restricted Area, Danger Area or Protected Area 3. What supporting documents are required for Activity Permit applications? You may find a checklist of supporting documents required for Activity Permit applications here. Payment Related Matters 1. How do I make payment after submitting the application online? You may make your payment by Cheque or Bank draft, Telegraphic Transfer or Internet Banking.Payment details are as follows: Cheque made payable to the CIVIL AVIATION AUTHORITY OF SINGAPORE and crossed “ACCOUNT PAYEE ONLY”You may make cheque payment at:Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore (North Pier Office)4th Storey North Finger Pier, Unit No. 029-047,Singapore Changi Airport Terminal 2Singapore 819643Bank draft, Telegraphic Transfer or Internet Banking Bank Name: DBS Bank Ltd Bank Code: 7171 Branch Code: 003 Account No: 0039186673(Current Account) Account Name: Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore Swift Code: DBSSSGSG Address of Bank: 12 Marina Boulevard, DBS Asia Central, Marina Bay Financial Centre Tower 3, Singapore 018982Please indicate the UAS permit application reference number, the types of permit applying for e.g. Operator Permit, Activity Permit (Class 1), Activity Permit (Class 2) Repeat etc. and the applicant's details for the fund transfer.All local and overseas bank charges (including exchange rate and bank administrative charges) shall be included and borne by the applicant.The assessment of the application will only commence after receipt of payment. 2. Can I get a refund of the permit fees if my application is rejected, cancelled or withdrawn? Application fees made are not refundable nor transferable, regardless of the outcome of the application. 3. Can I request for an invoice before I make payment? CAAS is unable to raise an invoice for Unmanned Aircraft Permit application as the permit fee is required to be accompanied with the application as stated in Singapore Air Navigation Order Paragraphs 72G(2)(b) and 72H(2)(b). 4. Will I be issued with an official receipt after payment is made? Yes, a scanned copy of the payment receipt will be emailed to applicants once payment is received. The original copy of the receipt may be provided upon request. If you are unable to find an answer to your query, please submit your Feedback to let us know how we can help you.