Frequently Asked Questions Advanced Search Advanced Search Close Panel All of these words This exact phrase Any of these words Without these words Search within: CAASWhole of Government Expand All Collapse All Top 5 Most Popular FAQsAviation Safety1. Where can I find the examination syllabus? For the flight crew ground examination syllabus, please refer to this Advisory Circular. For the SAR-66 AML examination syllabus, please refer to Appendix 1 of the Singapore Airworthiness Requirements Part 66. 2. What is a professional pilot licence? There are three types of professional pilot licences viz. Commercial Pilot Licence (CPL), Multi-crew Pilot Licence (MPL) and Airline Transport Pilot Licence (ATPL). These are meant for pilots who would like to pursue commercial flying as a career. The privileges under each licence vary as listed below:PrivelegesCommercial Pilot Licence (CPL)Multi-crew Pilot Licence (MPL)Airline Transport Pilot Licence (ATPL)Entitled to fly asPilot-In-Command (PIC)(Single Crew Operation)YesNoYesFor those who have upgraded to an ATPL from an MPL, PIC privileges are not given for Groups A & B aircraft*Entitled to fly asCo-pilot(Multi-crew Operation)YesYesYesEntitled to fly asPilot-In-Command (PIC)(Multi-crew Operation)NoNoYesInstrument RatingNoInstrument Rating is not included and has to be separately soughtYesYes*Group A aircraft: Single-engine aircraft not exceeding 5,700 kg in maximum total massGroup B aircraft: Multi-engine aircraft not exceeding 5,700 kg in maximum total mass 3. What are the requirements for a PPL? In order to obtain a PPL, you would need to meet the following requirements: Be at least 17 years old Pass the Class 2 Medical assessment with the Civil Aviation Medical Board (CAMB)or pass the Class 1 Medical assessment if you are applying for a PPL with Instrument Rating (IR) Pass PPL ground examinations. You may apply for an examination slot at CAAS Examination Portal. Pass PPL flight test. You may download the application form (FC35) or obtain the hardcopy version from the CAAS Licensing office. Achieve the flying experience requirements stipulated in the Singapore Air Safety Publication (SASP) Part 1. 4. Which Medical Assessment Class (MAC) should I apply for? There are 3 MACs. The required MAC for the respective licences are as follows: 1) Class 1 - for Air Transport Pilot Licence, Commercial Pilot Licence, Multi-crew Pilot Licence, Private Pilot Licence (PPL) with Instrument Rating 2) Class 2 - for PPL, Student Pilot Licence & Flight Engineer's Licence 3) Class 3 - for Air Traffic Control Officers & Probationary Air Traffic Control Officers You may apply for more than 1 MAC if necessary. For more information, you may refer to the information published on the CAAS website under Flight Crew Licensing. 5. What is the passing mark for CAAS examinations? The passing mark for the examinations is 75%. If you are unable to find an answer to your query, please submit your Feedback to let us know how we can help you.